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Glossary of Terms

Terms explained, jargon busted.

1P App

1P D App

API

Application Programming Interface

API Call

A network request to a server to carry out a particular task through an API.

Audience

The number of Data Passport holders who have activated a Data Pass. Can be further subdivided into specific Data Pass-attributed audiences.

Auth Service

Used by the Contracted PDA service, Auth Service provides a mechanism for obtaining a single short lived access token (JWT) for a set of PDAs. The short lived access token uses a public key id. This key is retrieved by the PDS requesting it from the Auth Service.

Contracted PDA

Refers to the PDA that a PDA owner has contracted with a Client to provide the Client’s Application with access credentials to a shared namespace via the Auth Service. Read more here.

Contracted Service Provider

A Client that operates an Application, and may operate another application or server used in conjunction with the Application, that has been provided with Contracted PDA access by a PDS Owner.

Conversion

The number of Individuals who have arrived at a data merchant to claim an offer made through a Data Terminal.

CRUD

Basic operations of persistent storage. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Create,_read,_update_and_delete

Data Account

The term for a namespace within the server database where an application owner can store its data, due to the setting up of the permissions, authorisations and contracts for the namespace use by Dataswift.
Data Accounts can be personal data accounts for personal data or organisation data accounts for organisation and personal data.

Data Account-enabled Application (or 1P App)

A software application that is integrated with Dataswift One platform, that enables the storage of their application’s first-party data subject data into a data account, where the application has full access (CRUD) rights to the data in that data account.
1P App data is produced and accessed by the data subject only, through the “owner token”.

Data Account-enabled Dashboard Application (or 1P D App)

A software application that is created by a Dataswift client, integrated with Dataswift One platform, that enables the storage of their application’s first-party data subject data into a namespace of the data subject‘s server database, where the application has full access (CRUD) rights to the data in that namespace. The data subject‘s data is NOT produced by the data subject but is about the data subject, and stored in a namespace and can be accessed through contracted PDA credentials, permitted by the data subject as the database owner, by way of a special contract.

Data Acquirers

Organizations with a data terminal or data terminal enabled application that receives data from self sovereign data owners.

Data Asset

A well-defined piece or bundle of data that is self sovereign in a Data Account, usually verifiable by a producer, and generates income from its usage.

Data Asset Issuer / Data Pass Verifier

A service provider that verifies the data described on a Data Pass from the source data.

Data Connector

API to API service that connects a third-party data source into Data Accounts.

Data Debit

A technical process of enabling access to Data Account data and/or file in the File Storage System not associated with the primary data account of the Data Account-enabled application.

Data Ecosystem or Ecosystem

A sub-group of Dataswift network consisting of users and owners of a Data Passport-enabled application, users and owners of Data Terminal-enabled applications, and users and owners of Data Connector-enabled applications that interact amongst themselves in the usage of self-sovereign data.

Data Ecosystem owner or Ecosystem owner

An organization that owns, or is a licensee of, a Data Passport-enabled application and has created Data Passes within the Data Passport for use within their ecosystem.

Data Ecosystem Manager

The organization that manages the ecosystem under contract with the ecosystem owner. Ecosystem owners can also manage their own ecosystems.

Data Ecosystem Supply Partner

An organization that has a data-connector enabled application to write data described in a Data Pass into a data account whereby the Data Pass is presented in the Data Ecosystem owner‘s Data Passport

Data Ecosystem Demand Partner

An organization that has a data terminal or data terminal enabled application that Is permitted to offer against or use data described in Data Passes of an ecosystem owner.
Data Exchange Scheme
A set of stewardship and governance principles that sits above the legal data exchange between data producers, self sovereign data owners and data acquirers that adheres to a framework.

Data Merchants or Merchants

Users of Data Terminal-enabled applications representing their organizations.

Data Observatory

Dataswift‘s collaboration with academic and industry partners on network data

Data Pass

The description of a single or a bundle of data attributes, together with the information of the source and verifier of the data. A Data Pass can be activated by a Data Subject and by activation, qualify themselves as having the data or exhibiting the attribute described in the Data Pass.

Data Pass Transaction

A Data Pass can be transacted on by the Data Subject at a Data Terminal, thereby EITHER (1) permitting the bundle of data described in the Data Pass to be shared through a Dataswift Transaction OR (2) allow the Data Terminal to verify the data described in the Data Pass.

Data Pass Verifier / Data Asset Issuer

A service provider that verifies the data described on a Data Pass.

Data Passport-enabled Application

A Data Account-enabled application (1P App) that has an embedded Data Passport.

Data Passport

A Dataswift Network service that is a component of an application that presents Data Passes in a way that is clear about the data within each Data Pass, and where offers against the Data Passes can be viewed and where Data Passes can be activated and transacted upon by Data Subjects. Data Passports are usually a component of a Data Wallet.

Data Passport Holders

Legal entities (natural or legal persons) or their representatives who are users of a Data Passport-enabled application.

Data Passport Issuer

Owner or a licensee of a Data Passport-enabled application.

Data Plug

A special Data Connector that connects an open API third-party data source into Data Accounts as a Data Subject Access Request.

Data Provider

General term for any organization that owns a technical service providing data directly into Data Accounts.

Data Sources or Data Producers

An organization that enables server owners to claim their data to be made self sovereign into Data Accounts, through an authorized Data Connector or a Data Plug.

Data Terminal

A Dataswift Network service that is authorized to (1) receive data from Data Accounts, (2) verify data described in Data Passes, and (3) make offers against Data Passes.

Data Terminal-enabled Application

A network-enabled application that with the rights to write into the Data Terminal Namespace of a Server Database

Data Wallet

A generic name for a component in an application that enables the sharing of data with other organizations. Data wallets can have multiple functionalities and can include Dataswift’s Data Passport.

Dataswift One API

Application Programming Interfaces developed by Dataswift to enable provisioning of Decentralized Data Servers and Data Accounts for an application.

Dataswift One Client

An organization that has entered into a Client Services Agreement with Dataswift and holds HCF (HAT Community Foundation) membership, and is authorized to create network-enabled applications.

Dataswift ONE Platform

The name of the Decentralized Data Server (DDS) Platform for the provision of data servers, managed by Dataswift, under the oversight of the HCF that provides the technological, legal, governance and economic infrastructure to enable individual server owners to acquire, store and enable access to data within their Data Accounts.

Dataswift Network

A network of Data Passport issuers, Data Passport holders and Data Terminal merchants. Dataswift Network consists of multiple Data Ecosystems.

Dataswift Network Principals

Dataswift Network Affiliates

Service Providers that participate indirectly in the activity of the Dataswift Network through the sponsorship of a Network Principal or Member.

Dataswift Prime

The name of the Decentralized Data Server (DDS) Platform for Organization Data Servers, managed by Dataswift, under the oversight of the HCF, that provides the technological, legal, governance and economic infrastructure to enable organization DDS owners to acquire, store and enable access to data within their Data Accounts.

Dataswift System

A set of of APIs that is used to build authorized network-enabled applications in the Dataswift Network ie. Data Connector APIs, Data Terminal APIs, Data Passport APIs, Dataswift One APIs and Dataswift Prime APIs.

Dataswift Transaction

Data flows between Data Servers and approved client app/website or server characterised through the Dataswift proprietary information flow control system and authorized through standard or specialized contracts. Outbound transactions are data flows out of a Data Server and Inbound transactions are data flows into a Data Server.

Dataswift Vault

A decentralized architecture of micro-database technology that ensures database owners’ data is stored in a secure, tightly controlled and functional cloud database and separated from the data of all other database owners.

Decentralized Data Server (DDS)

A web server and a database, associated with a URL, that is provisioned for legal persons by Dataswift with Data Accounts within that can be used for application owners. Also called a HAT Microserver.

Decentralized Self-Sovereign Data

DDS Cluster Manager (Milliner)

The DDS Cluster Manager (Milliner) is a proprietary turnkey solution for running the DDS at scale on public cloud infrastructure. In the case of the DDS, a microservice serves only one primary user as well as applications, requiring only a fraction of the storage and compute capabilities of a large enterprise system.
The DDS Cluster Manager also adopts the role of a credential broker that monitors underlying resources and manages underlying infrastructure, providing an administrative dashboard to monitor platform health.


DDS Dashboard / HAT App

The DDS Dashboard app is a dashboard for all data within a DDS.

DDS Owner or Server Owner

Owner of a DDS that is a legal person – can be a natural person (individual) or an organization.

DDS Provisioning Service (Hatters)

The DDS Provisioning Service (Hatters) service was built to serve as the main gateway into the Dataswift One platform for both users directly signing up for a DDS and developers to sign up their users.

Developers Portal

Dataswift’s Developers Portal (currently accessible at https://developers.dataswift.io/)

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Manager

Ecosystem owner

Edge Function or Edge AI

See Smart HAT Engine Function

Engagement

The number of individuals who have marked an offer as a "Favourite" in a Data Passport.

File Storage System

Files held in a storage system and managed by Dataswift, linked to specific Data Accounts and encrypted at rest.

First-Party Data

Data originating from an application. First-party data can be made self-sovereign data if stored in Data Accounts.

HAT Framework

The Framework originally instituted by the HAT Research Project on privacy, security and ownership rights as well as the exchange, permission and execution models of the HAT Microserver; operationalised by the HAT Community Foundation, and implemented and operated by Dataswift Ltd.

HAT API

The APIs that enable interactions between a HAT Microserver and other systems (outside that HAT Microserver).

HAT App

HAT Microserver

HCF

HAT Community Foundation, a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales with company number 9933330. HCF provides the regulatory and governance standards for Dataswift One Platform operated by Dataswift Ltd.

HMIC

HAT Microserver Instructions Contract: the contract set up by Dataswift between a data server owner and application owners for the storage of data in Data Accounts within a server owner’s database.

Impressions

The number of views of offers for a Data Pass.
Any legal entity that can act the way a human person can in law – i.e. enter into contracts, sue and be sued, own property, etc. Legal persons can be organizations, natural persons or sovereign states.

Namespace

An alphanumeric attribute of a data record used for addressing data within a server database, either directly via an API endpoint or using Data Debits. A Data Account-enabled Application is typically assigned one namespace to freely read and write data.

Natural Person

A person (in legal meaning, i.e., one who has its own legal personality) that is an individual human being. Historically, a human being was not necessarily a natural person in some jurisdictions where slavery existed (subject of a property right) rather than a person.

Network Income

The income generated by Data Assets on the Dataswift Network.

Network Operator

The operator of the Dataswift Network. Dataswift Ltd is the network operator, enabling multiple Data Ecosystems to be interoperable with one another and distributing network income to Network Principals. See Dataswift Network.

Network-enabled Applications

Applications integrated with the Dataswift System APIs ie. Data Passport-enabled Applications, Data Connector-enabled Applications, Data Terminal-enabled Applications.

Network Principals

Organizations that issue Data Assets (in a Data Passport); organizations that acquire merchants (using a Data Terminal) and Dataswift as network operator. Network Principals obtain network income.

Organization Data Server (ODS)

A Decentralized Data Server whereby the owner is an organization.

Organization Data Account (ODA)

A Data Account of an Organization Data Server.

ODA or ODS Owner

An organization that is also a legal person that has been provisioned an Organization Data Server by Dataswift. It is the legal owner of the server database and its corresponding namespaces within the database, and has the right to enter into HMICs for the purpose of granting access and storage of data into a Data Account and licensing of data from a Data Account.

Passport Holders

Data Subjects who are legal persons and end users of a Data Passport-enabled Application and are also server owners licensing data from their server database.

PDA Data

Data held in a Server Owner’s Data Account and data held in the File Storage System that is accessible by a Server owner where the server owner is a natural person.

PDA or PDS Owner

An individual who is a natural person and a data subject that has been provisioned a Decentralized Data Server by Dataswift. It is the legal owner of the server database and its corresponding Data Accounts within the database, and has the right to enter into HMICs for the purpose of granting access and storage of data into a Data Account and licensing of data from a Data Account.

Personal Data

Any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (an identifiable natural person being someone who can be identified directly or indirectly by reference to unique identifiers or other personal factors).

Personal Data Account (PDA)

Data Account for natural persons (individuals).

Personal Data Server (PDS)

DDS that has been provisioned for natural persons (individuals). Also called HAT Microserver or Personal Database Server (legacy term).

Platform Personal Data

Any personal data within a Data Account, that may or may not also exist within client servers or applications. Also self-sovereign data.

Policy Stack (of Dataswift One)

A group of processes pertaining to legal, economic and governance principles and rules of Dataswift One Platform, increasing in abstraction from bottom to top.

Primary Data Account

The primary namespace of a Data Account-enabled Application that the application has full access rights to read/write/update and delete.

Reach

The number of DataPassport holders that can view all Data Pass and Perks within a Data Pass Network.

Regulated DDS

A DDS belonging to a server owner that is a regulated legal entity e.g. a child that is subject to stewardship and governance rules on data at rest, in transit and in use.

Rules Engine

An engine that executes the rules determining the flow of data entering and leaving a server database and where it should be stored within the database.

Second-Party Data

Data received by a legal entity that was not generated or produced by the legal entity but of which has been given the license to use the data.

Self-Sovereign Data or Decentralized Self-Sovereign Data

Data in Decentralized Data Server databases where database owners have the ability to license the data within to others.

Self-Sovereign Data owners

Owners of server databases that hold self spvereign data

Server owner or Server database owner

The owner of a Decentralized Data Server Database.

Staging Environment Services

The environment within which applications are built and tested by developers as more particularly described in Schedule 2 (Services).

Smart HAT Engine (SHE) Functions or Edge Functions

Serverless functions that are tools to transform self-sovereign data through algorithmic or analytic computations that deposit their outputs into the same database. SHE Functions sit within an environment where third-party code written in a number of different languages can operate on self-sovereign data, and contribute outputs into the database without leaking the data to third parties.

Smart Data

Data created by Smart HAT Engine functions

Third-Party Data

Data generated or produced by a legal entity that has no direct legal relationship with the receiving party.

Traffic Fee

The fee for the traffic originating from a Data Passport to the claim of an offer.

Transformed Data

Data is considered to be transformed if the original data from the APIs cannot be re-constructed from the transformed data.

Transaction Controller (DEX)

The Transaction Controller (DEX) is a proprietary service. It logs all data related to data transfers in the Dataswift Network, responds to DDS requests to create Data Debits, authorizes network-enabled applications and associated HAT Microserver Instructions (HMI), holds data transactions, verifies exchanges, and quickly, accurately, and securely sends and receives data between parties. The Transaction Controller service also logs the data contracts between server owners and network-enabled applications.
Last modified 24d ago